What do you do or take if you come down with a cold? *WIKIHOW

How do you fight it off? FROM HERE!

When it is cold season, there are plenty of things you can do to prevent a cold — from washing your hands frequently, making sure you get adequate rest, staying hydrated and eating healthy — but sometimes, despite your best efforts, you may still get sick. Unfortunately, there is no way to completely stop a cold once you already feel it coming on. There are numerous steps you can take in preventing the cold from getting any worse than it needs to be, however, and many of these steps can also reduce the severity and length of your cold symptoms.

  • Get plenty of rest. Aim for eight hours of sleep the first night after the cold starts coming on. A full night’s rest improves immune function, making it easier for your body to fight off the invading virus.
  • Drink more fluids. Fluids prevent dehydration and keep your throat moist, making it a less appealing place for germs to gather. Fluids can also break up congestion and ease symptoms.
  • Keep the air moist. Dryness can help cold viruses linger and thrive, so filling the air with moisture can cut down on the length of your cold. Adding moisture can also ease your symptoms by preventing your nasal passages from feeling dry and sore.
  • Bring out the chicken soup. Evidence suggests that chicken soup has anti-inflammatory properties, which may reduce nasal swelling and minimize your symptoms. Consuming healthy calories is also essential early on so that your body has enough energy to fight the virus.
  • Try zinc supplements. The jury is out when it comes to the benefits of zinc, but there are studies that suggest that a small dose of zinc supplement, when taken every two hours at the start of a cold, can shorten the duration of a cold and reduce the severity of symptoms.
  • Use lemons. Lemon juice contains high levels of vitamin C, and the acidic nature of the juice can also help soothe your early symptoms and reduce the amount of phlegm.
  • Consume some ginger. Some researchers believe that ginger promotes healthy sweating, which can help boost your immune system at the start of a cold. By stimulating perspiration, ginger can cleanse your system and help lower your body temperature.
  • Reach for the garlic. Garlic contains allicin, a compound thought to boost the immune system and relieve cold symptoms. Some studies indicate that garlic may even help fight viruses and prevent future colds from happening to you.
  • Try Echinacea or goldenseal. Like many home remedies, there is mixed evidence about whether or not these two herbs have a positive effect on shortening the length of a cold. But studies seem to indicate that Echinacea and goldenseal are most effective when used as soon as you feel a cold coming on.
  • Bring a little spice into your life. Have a bowl of chili or add a dash of hot sauce to your next meal. Spicy foods temporarily open the sinus passages, which can relieve congestion and keep the mucus flowing.
  • Use saline nasal drops and sprays.These over-the-counter remedies relieve congestion and irrigate the nose, flushing out mucus as well as virus particles and bacteria. Manually flushing out germs can promote a speedy recovery.
  • Try an over-the-counter cold medication. An over-the-counter decongestant dries up the mucus on your nose, which can both ease your symptoms and limit the amount of contact the virus has with your nasal lining.
  • Opt for an antihistamine.If your nose is runny instead of stuffy, an antihistamine may offer you greater relief while doing more to minimize your cold symptoms.
  • Take a walk. Light exercise can actually help boost your immune function. Since your symptoms are mildest at the onset of your cold, take the time to squeeze in some light exercise — like brisk walking, in two to three 10-minute stretches.
  • Increase your vitamin C intake.While vitamin C has long been promoted as a cold remedy, there is little scientific evidence to suggest its effectiveness. Vitamin C does boost the immune system, however, and some research suggests that it may shorten the duration of symptoms if taken at the beginning of a cold.
  • Have a little honey.Honey is thought to boost the immune system. It also has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties, which can offer further help in speeding up your body’s healing response.
  • Eat yogurt. Acidophilus and other active cultures in yogurt can put healthy bacteria back into your body, thereby strengthening your immune system. These beneficial bacteria can help stimulate the production of various immune system substances that help your body fight diseases.
Note for my studying English for IELTS.

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